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Toppers are always looked with awe, be it USMLE or any other exams. They are some who think that toppers possess some mysterious powers or intelligence, which helps them score, while others are left scratching their heads in wonder. However there is no such special power; the thing that differentiates the two is their approach towards the examination.

Passing the USMLE exams needs great effort as these are conducted over a series of varying levels. Clearing the very first step is considered the most strenuous for medical graduates hoping to practice in the United States. USMLE is not just confined to US nationals only; foreign nationals can apply too, but with some differentiated procedural rules.

Clearing USMLE step 1 exam with good scores can open up more doors than you might have thought. A decent step 1 score is not just confined to obtaining a license, but is a determinant factor for hospital residency programs. Score good and you have two great options to choose from. Step 1 exam score also plays a pivotal role in making up your choice for further medicinal courses. Prestigious residential hospitals are obviously looking for the smartest graduates around and those with high scores fill in the gap.

While step 2 is used to assess a student's skill to put into use of what he/she studied, USMLE step 1 checks for a student's understanding and knowledge levels. The various sections that the step 1 exam covers include physiology, pathology, anatomy, microbiology among others. With around 322 multiple choice questions divided in 7 sections, USMLE step 1 exam looks scary enough.

USMLE exams are thought to be one of the toughest to appear for and passing the first level is itself considered to be a game only for nerds. Students are always in a self doubt mode as to whether they are ready to appear for USMLE exams or not. Getting good scores in USMLE exams is not impossible at all; some smart tactics and you would get through. Why exactly is this exam so dreadful? Apprehensions say that it is the time constraint that medical students are faced with, which plays the spoilsport. Medical students do find it hard to adjust their studies and prepare for exams in short stipulated times.

Having a question bank by your side is a must if you are appearing for USMLE step 1 exam. This step 1 exam is meant to assess a student's theoretical knowledge to the practical field of medicine. A multiple choice examination like this is sure to set in a lot of confusion with similar answer choices. No wonder students find this 8-hour examination tough enough but they have to deal with it if they are to enter the medicinal world. Additionally, the various rules set in to answer the MCQ's are looked upon with fear by students. A single mistake here and there and your scores are on the risk mode.

Why take risk in your USMLE exam scores when there is easy help available? Preparing with online test guides is a good way out to avoid treading the wrong path. Regular practice with dummy exams can be a good confidence booster.



Source by Sunny Dabla

Success in the IT industry depends on constantly upgrading your skill and knowledge. One of the best ways to stay updated is by taking an IT exam certification training to get a certificate to add to your resume.

Many full time working IT professionals find it difficult to take out time from their busy working schedule and join a full time instructor-led program. It is almost impossible for them to strike a balance between work, home and studies. This is the reason why many of them resort to self-study and look for an online IT exam certification training program. There are various online forums that have test papers and study materials from reputed companies to help them easily pass certifications like, PMP, CompTIA, CCNA, CCIE and MCSA. They can not only enrich your learning experience, but also save your time and money.

With so many online forums and websites available, it can get difficult to choose the best one. Here are some tips to choose the best IT exam certification training program:

Price- It is one of the most important considerations while selecting any program. You will see that many of these programs are free. It is up to you to choose any one of the two. Signing up for a program with a fee can get you additional benefits.

Browse Through the Site- You should sign up and browse through the extensive material available on the website. Most of these programs have an extensive library of exam materials of many certification programs. You can check the available material to decide whether it fits your professional goals or not. You should also see that the material available is reviewed and approved by experts and individuals who have taken and passed exams using that material.

Check Reviews- You should do an online research and read the reviews to see if they will help you in passing the exams and get the certificate in one go. You will find many forums with feedbacks and opinions about different training programs.

Talk to your Colleagues- You should talk to other IT professionals in your circle who have passed certification using one of the various training programs.

It is important to do proper research before selecting any IT exam certification training program. This will make sure that you don't waste much time and get your certification in the first attempt. Choosing the right program will ensure your professional success.



Source by Richa Khandel

National Defence Academy

National Defence Academy or NDA as it is popularly called is an institution of prime excellence and trains the selected youth of our country for the defence forces(army, airforce and navy). It is a cradle of leadership where leaders of tomorrow are trained and moulded to lead the defence forces and the nation at times of crisis be it external or internal

NDA Campus NDA is located at Khadakwasla with the nearest city being Pune. The Pune railway station is 24 km away. Map on the NDA website will give you an idea of the exact location.

Training at NDA Rigorous training is carried out at the National Defence Academy to cover both Academics as well as service training for the respective service viz army navy and airforce. The young untrained boy who comes to the academy leaves after three years as a polished, physically fit, mentally alert, morally straight man. In short he becomes a gentleman. The duration of training at NDA is three years which is broken up into six terms of six months each. At the end of the training cadets pass out of the academy and the occasion is called the passing out parade. Before the passing out parade the cadets are given a bachelors degree in Science/Arts/Computer Applications. He is thereafter put on a platform to pursue career in his respective service after a short training at the respective service academies.

How to Join NDA

The Union Public Service Commission conducts combined written entrance exam for NDA and NA twice a year. The exam is held in the months of April and August. Notification for the exam appears in all major national dailies in the month of Dec/Jan for the Apr exam and in the months of Apr/May for the Aug exam. After the notification the candidates have to fill the form which can be obtained from any major GPO. The form can also be filled online at the Union Public Service Commission website. For submitting the form online you would require a scanned photo and a copy of your signatures scanned. Prior to the examination candidates are sent admit cards indicating their examination center. The cards come a month prior to the exam and contain the roll number and exam venue. In case of non receipt of admit cards/hall ticket or any other problem, the candidates should call the Union Public Service Commission help line number given on the website. Admit cards, roll number and exam venue can be checked from the Union Public Service Commission website based on your application number(offline form submission) and registration number(online registration) Before dispatching their application form, the candidates must keep a photocopy of the same for their own records. Also receipt status of the application can be checked on the Union Public Service Commission website. All students who want to join NDA have to take the written exam. There is no short cut to this and no direct SSB. NDA should not be confused with the Technical Entry Scheme (TES) which is only for technical arms / services and there are limited vacancies. As of now Girls are not eligible to join NDA. It is for boys only... if things change at a later date the same would be updated.

Conditions of Eligibility for NDA written Exam AGE: 16 and half to 19 years. This age is calculated on the date of joining the NDA. EDUCATION: plus 2 qualified or appearing are eligible to sit for NDA written exam. For Air Force and Navy the NDA exam aspirants must have physics and mathematics as subjects. Students with arts and commerce can also apply for NDA. SEX: only male candidates can sit for the NDA written exam. Women are currently not eligible.

Scheme of Examination The NDA written exam consists of two papers, One on General Abilities and the other on Mathematics. Both the papers of the NDA written exam are held on the same day and each paper is of two and half hours each. The maths paper is for 300 marks and the General Abilities paper of the NDA written exam is of 600 marks. The level of difficulty of questions is from medium to high.

Syllabus of the Examination The exam tests the all round knowledge of the candidates in diverse fields like Maths, Polity, Economics, History, Geography, Current Affairs, General Knowledge, English, Physics, Chemistry, Life Sciences etc. Detailed Syllabus can be seen at the link under Useful Information.

Results of NDA Written Examination The result of NDA written exam is declared by the Union Public Service Commission three to four months after the written exam. It is available on the Union Public Service Commission website after being declared. As far as passing the exam is concerned, it is a competitive exam and there is no fixed cut off percentage for passing. Call Letters for interviews are sent to the candidates who comparatively perform better than others. For an idea on the interview questions you can see the link "Tips for Interview" under useful information. After the SSB interviews final result of candidates based on merit is prepared and displayed on the Union Public Service Commission website. Based on vacancies joining instructions are sent to candidates as per the merit list.

How to Prepare for the NDA Exam A candidate has two options to prepare. First is self-study after buying a book from the various books available in the market. The second option is to take coaching from an Academy which is regularly preparing the students for the exam. Please check the credentials of the Academy before joining as there are many operators in the market out to make a quick buck. Avoid academies offering one month coaching as syllabus is vast and cannot be digested in this short time. You may end up wasting your time and money. A time plot of two months is more practical. Coaching offers the following advantages • Coaching Institutes have prepared their own books after analysis of the exams. • Students can take advantage of the vast experience of the tutors. • Students get into a regular study cycle which is not possible in the self-study mode. • Knowledge is exchanged with other students. • Coaching Institutes put the students through regular tests on the NDA pattern. • Coaching Institutes provide mock tests at the end for the entire syllabus. • Doubts in the students mind can be cleared instantaneously • Coaching institutes provide previous question papers and answer keys.

Success Tips • Be deliberate about your preparation. Half hearted preparation will lead to half-hearted results. • Be consistent in your effort. Don't lose focus after couple of days or weeks efforts. • Revise old question papers.

NDA Website You can view the NDA official website homepage at http://www.nda.nic.in/. From the home page you can see other details.

NDA Prayer This prayer is a gem of wisdom and recited by all cadets every morning before the commencement of the day. Being an ex NDA myself and remember the prayer by heart and I thought it fit to end the article with the NDA prayer.

"O God, help us to keep ourselves physically strong, mentally awake and morally straight, that in doing our duty to Thee and our country we may keep the honour of the Services untarnished.

Strengthen us to guard our country from external aggression and internal disorders. Awaken our admiration for honest dealing and clean thinking, and guide us to choose the harder right instead of the easier wrong.

Kindle our hearts with fellowship for our comrades at arms and with loyalty to the men we command. Endow us with the courage which is born of the love of what is noble and which knows no compromise or retreat when truth and right are in peril.

Grant us new opportunities of service to Thee, to our country and to the men we lead, and ever help us to place such service before self."



Source by Mandeep S Dhill

Summary

Pigeons have adapted to most of the habitats situated on the soil. For professional exterminators are optimum persons in order to such elements. Ideally, a company owner performs your service.

Body

 

Everyone get seen plants in both residential and commercial places. Some of you have these plants in their living or working places. They can be flowers, trees, shrubs or additional lovely trees. If you have to take care of flora properly, you should understand some basic gardening ideas. You need to recognize all the necessary conditions for plant growth, including temperatures, humidity, and consuming.

Ten minutes after Bayer Advanced Indoor/Outdoor Pest Repellent was sprayed along the baseboards of your home, ants were much visible inside my bathroom. For me, will be proof enough that Bayer advanced Pest Repellent books. The product claims to benefit up to nine numerous. I will have to see about the potency of in foreseeable future months, but for now, I am completely content material.

Perhaps are generally wondering, what's the main difference between working with a simple spray and a wedding planner mosquito spray system for your home? Straightforward -- that's that watercraft. As you see, your common can of mosquito spray in a position to protect a specific portion of one's home in support of at times that you are able to do the spraying yourself. Which has a different angle, your professional spray system can assure your entire home's safety 27/4.

The final point of landscaping necessitates the need to get the landscape to be treated against pests and insects. A good Pest Control In Mohali service can work alongside a handy landscaping internet service. This can assist you to target trouble areas along with see that they are going to be repaired as well as actually possible. This is a tremendous point for anybody to professional review. It will make it possible to use this as an approach of protecting the body of the landscape from any outside threats that could ruin doing it.

Professionals as well able to place fertilizers the particular area. Supplementation can be given by the fertilizers therefore the plants would get the exact nutrients that they need. The ideal fertilizers for your plants could be given via professionals.

The earlier you start the associated with pest control the better because these pesky monsters have a tendency to multiply in an alarming risk. Its best to control them when nonetheless can, take instant action before things out of control.

There are generally big and small pots for hosting potted plants, and each kind has its advantages and downsides. A big pot is essentially the most effective because permits proper growth of roots, but at precisely the same time, it may a root disease. There are both porous and non-porous pots. The first styles are often made of clay plus they also allow proper flow of air. Messy designs retain more water because they're made of plastics. Acquire these pots cheaply and conveniently, you should use the Online.

Resource

Your options will include bait blocks, pellets or seeds. Cannot attend component with particular of competent pest extermination experts. Soon enough, you will realize that the problem heading to away.

Police Officers with a few years under their belts will typically have their eyes on the next step in their law enforcement careers. In most Departments that means testing for the supervisory position of Sergeant. For any Civil Service promotion that means taking the Police Sergeant Exam. If you're trying to advance your career in law enforcement this could be one of the most important tests you ever take. You want to do well!

Promotional exams for the police department can be difficult and many who take them don't pass. If you don't pass you can kiss your promotion good-by and just bide your time until the next exam rolls around. Doing well on a promotional exam is critical to advancement and the higher your score the better your chances. Again, you want to do well.

The score you earn on the written exam will most likely be the most heavily weighted portion of the entire process. To ensure success you'll want to employ every advantage available to increase your ranking. To do this you'll want to have some type of reliable pre-test study plan at your disposal so you're as prepared as possible when test day rolls around.

Sites exist on the Internet that are geared towards helping those trying to advance their law enforcement careers through the promotional testing process. They offer a leg up in both the written and oral parts of the exam. They provide the information and training necessary to go into a promotional test with the utmost confidence that you are prepared and ready to excel. And they work!

The best programs cover everything you'll encounter during the testing process. To advance in the Police Dept it's not enough to be a good officer, you also have to become a good test taker. Fortunately this can be taught.

Too many officers who are good at their jobs are stuck where they are because they never learned how to take a test well. Maybe their reading comprehension is lacking or they're unable to loosen up in front of an oral review board. A well designed home study course can overcome these shortcomings and more.

A good Police Supervisor home study plan will address the particular test you are taking but also impart testing techniques that will give you an advantage on whatever type of exam you're preparing for. These courses have been developed by professional law enforcement people and are tried, true and have thousands of satisfied users who have succeeded through their use. They give candidates a marked and definite advantage throughout the entire testing process.

Taking the police sergeant exam is a big step and passing it with flying colors is a big deal. You want to have every advantage legally available and you want your name on the top of the list when it comes out. You can do it and a good home study course can pave the way. You owe it to yourself to pull out all the stops on this one. Go for it!

Copyright (c) 2010 Donald Cirillo



Source by Donald Cirillo

Once you have passed the ITIL Foundation exam you can go for the ITIL Expert certification which has a choice of 2 streams, either the Lifecycle stream or the Capability stream. Which stream you choose is entirely dependent on your current job function, the maturity of the organization you are currently in and finally where do you want to be.

The Lifecycle stream has a much more management focus and is designed for the person that defines the operating model but does not do the actual implementation. They are responsible and accountable for the implementation but not for doing the actual work, that is for the Capability stream.

The Capability stream is for those people who are involved on the ground and are responsible for the actual implementation of the various processes. The Capability courses are therefore much more practical in nature, where the Lifecycle modules are focused more on the theory than the practice.

The great thing about the ITIL expert certification is that it is credit based and you only need to obtain 22 credits to be able to write the final exam. This means that it is possible to mix and match courses from both the Lifecycle and Capability streams and have a tailor-made certification that suits you and your company perfectly. What must be noted however is that there are overlapping courses on each stream and only one course will count towards your certification if you do choose to complete both. For example if you complete Service Strategy as a Lifecycle module and OSA from a Capability stream you will only be credited with one or the other, not both.

The final exam that you need to pass to obtain the ITIL Expert Certification is Managing Across the Lifecycle (MALC) which is one of the toughest exams to write as it is a combination of all the previous exams and completed in a case study format. As the MALC Exam is a combination of all previous exams in the Intermediate section it is difficult for people that choose the Capability Stream considering the fact that the case study is based more on theory than practice.

The MALC exam focuses more on Service Strategy and Continual Service Improvement (CSI) so I would suggest that anybody who does follow the Capability route includes these two modules, ensuring they have a chance at passing the final exam. In my opinion MALC has such a high failure rate because people have chosen to complete all the Capability modules and have not been exposed to Service Strategy or CSI.

If you are going to go for the ITIL Expert Certification ensure that you research the various options thoroughly and make sure you choose your subjects carefully. Good Luck!!



Source by Anthony Ivins

The savvy man will do almost anything to ensure the best penis health. He will pursue top-notch penis care, giving his favorite equipment the right kind of attention on a regular basis. He will immediately notice any problems that might arise. He will come to know his penis as well as he knows any other part of his body - in fact, he might even know it much better than the rest!

But even the most conscientious man might scoff at the thought of going to the doctor for an annual exam. He feels great, so why bother with that extra medical bill? He doesn't have any problems that need addressing. And he certainly doesn't have any penis problems that would warrant letting a doctor poke around down there, in his most intimate areas.

But in fact, a regular medical exam is a must for the man who wants to ensure that his health is truly where it should be. Sometimes dispelling the myths and questions surrounding the medical exam can be enough to convince a man to head to the doctor's office and get this necessary checkup.

Shedding light on the medical exam

Many men have questions about what happens during a medical exam, especially when penis health is involved. Here's the scoop.

1. A gown is a great cover-up. A doctor will need to see the entire body in order to perform a proper physical. This means a man will be asked to strip down to nothing and then cover up with a gown. However, that gown is often very roomy. The doctor will only uncover one part of the body at a time when doing the exam, to allow for maximum modesty.

2. There will be questions. There will be so many questions, in fact, that a guy might get tired of answering them. But a physical means getting all the information, so a doctor will chat during the physical, about everything from weight and eating habits to family history and yes, penis health care regimens.

3. There might be a prostate exam. This is the part that makes many men squeamish, and might keep them from going to the doctor altogether. But keep in mind that the prostate exam is very quick, with very little pain, and gives the doctor valuable information about penis health. A prostate exam is usually performed with one gloved finger inserted into the anus, with lots of lube, giving the doctor a brief moment to ensure there is no prostate enlargement.

4. Erections might happen. Sometimes a man will have an erection during his physical. That is perfectly normal. Every doctor has seen it happen, and will not be surprised in the least. Remember, a physician is very aware of all the natural functions of the human body, and will take an erection in stride, probably with never mentioning it at all.

5. This exam needs to happen every year. After the first medical exam, it's a sure bet a man will be much more familiar with what happens in the doctor's office, and much more comfortable with the physician. The first visit is always the most nerve-racking, but after that it becomes much easier. A guy can easily build a great rapport with his doctor and then be comfortable talking about things that he might not want to talk to anyone else about - this is a sign of a great patient-doctor relationship.

When giving the doctor details about penis care regimens, don't hesitate to talk about the daily use of a penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Look for a crème that contains a wide variety of nutrients and vitamins, including vitamins A, B5, C and D, as well as helpful amino acids. These great ingredients wrapped up in a Shea butter and vitamin E base can help ensure great penis health throughout a man's life.



Source by John Dugan

Introduction

I've been helping students through their DipFA qualification for almost two years' now and this article is designed to share all the best practises, tips and strategies that can help you achieve a really good mark in this challenging exam.

I'm going to share with you various tips that have come from examiner's reports, students I've worked with over the years and share with you a really good structure that can help you prepare.

Firstly what is the final exam all about?

How the exam works?

It's a 3 hour written, soon to be typed, exam where you need to digest a case study beforehand and then create a carefully written report to your fictional client.

The case study is delivered to you in advance, about two weeks. You have time to prepare, read up in areas of weakness, put together some figures to back up your report and write it completely in advance. And you should too, why not, that's why they send it to you beforehand.

On the day of the exam, you'll get a couple of wobblies, i.e. some subtle changes to the exam paper that might change your report slightly, but if you've done your preparation well enough, these last minute changes won't cause you too many problems.

Picture your client

The case study will be as real as possible, there will be some anomalies and these need to be verified. However you should treat it as a real person and write the report to this person, not the examiner, although you'll want to impress him or her to gain marks. Care with too much impressing as you might fall foul and the examiner might mark you down for over doing the technical aspects.

Plain language is so important, bear in mind who the client is and write for them to understand. Picture them sitting down with a cup of tea with their feet up, reading your report, and trying to make head or tail of it as they sip their brew.

The marking system

It's important to appreciate the marks you gain from the paper so you can focus in the right area.

You get a total of 150 marks -

  • 10 for the introduction, summary
  • 10 for calculating affordability
  • 30 for presentation, language, style
  • 100 for your options, recommendations and advice.

So spend some time on a well crafted introduction, calculations and style and you'll already be on for 50 marks, and you only need 75 to pass.

A time honoured structure

  1. Introduction
  2. Purpose of report
  3. Synopsis of situation
  4. Summary of objectives
  5. More information needed
  6. Attitude to Risk
  7. Affordability Assessed
  8. Immediate improvements/quick fixes
  9. Recommendations
  10. Next Steps

The structure explained

Introduction

Begin the report by writing to the client and address him or her by name and talk in the first person e.g. "Brian we spoke about your desire to purchase a home abroad and to do this I will be looking at...."

Agree the purpose of the report and this should link in with his objectives and aims. Talk about the information gleaned, but be brief here, don't just go repeating what's in the Factfinds. Summarise to suit your own words and language to match the client

It's here you may wish to start making some assumptions so that you can agree his objectives clearly. This may be followed by some questions to ask him if you need more information or to confirm or clarify something. Assumptions are fine, as long as you know how these are to be clarified or you merely ask the client to confirm. I know in real life you wouldn't make any assumptions but do you?

Only when you and your client know where you're going can you really get into the report and decide the action for him to take.

Affordability assessed

Here you can gain some handy marks for showing your knowledge of Income Tax and National Insurance to work out how much money the client can afford to pay for your regular income product you're going to recommend.

Don't space out your calculations like a textbook; instead write them out for the client to understand. Narrate every line of figures so they know what you mean and can follow.

Be accurate, obviously, you'll get marks for the right answer. But you'll get more marks for the workings out along the way. It's just like doing your maths exams at school.

Immediate improvements/quick fixes

There may be some really quick things that might improve your customers situation and don't merit a heading in the recommendations section.

For example switching investment name from husband to wife to minimise taxation or paying off a credit card or other high interest loan with money from deposits.

Recommendations

This section is worth 100 marks and is the meat of the whole report. Break down your recommendations into chunks and allocate time according to how important they are. Try to decide how many marks the examiner might allocate to each section and then spend relevant time on each one.

Try to put them in priority order as this is good financial planning practice.

Put down the options to the client, explain them, and talk to the client as you go.

Make your recommendations and justify why, use real figures where you can. Don't leave it open for the client to decide and too many "we'll decide these when we meet again."

You want to earn marks with a firm recommendation with a justifiable reason why.

If you're not qualified to advise, pass them onto someone who is or another professional such as a solicitor.

Think of your five W's - what, who, how, why and when, for example

  • What is the advice
  • Who is involved
  • How will you make it work?
  • Why do they need it
  • When should you start it?

Next Steps

The final part of the report is the next steps section. Here you'll want to wrap things up, give a clear direction for the client to know his next steps, confirm your review arrangements, fee structure maybe.

Some final tips

Keep an eye on time - 3 hours is a long time when you're sitting on the beach doing nothing but goes really quickly when you're enjoying yourself. Seriously though, plan your time and make sure you finish the report. You get most marks in the first few minutes of any section, so you need to at least start every section.

Presentation and structure. It needs to be clearly laid out and look like a proper professional report with headings, sub headings. Maybe tables, a series of bullet points, graphics, illustrations. Why not, after all it's for the customer, so maybe a risk graph might work better than a wall of words. Most people, nowadays, are visual in nature and pictures can paint a thousand words.

All technical terms explained. Don't throw in a technical term, without explaining it, just don't. Anything slightly complex will need explaining in words the customer can understand. Beware the TLA - three letter acronyms - our world is full of them, you know what they mean but does your client?

Less is more. Good communication is powerful and uses few words, just take a look at posters and leaflets; they're conservative with their use of words. Why waffle on when a short concise statement will do. Besides you only have 3 hours to write.

Summary

Some useful ideas and tips here, I hope you agree. Remember to do as much preparation beforehand to maximise your success in the exam. Good luck



Source by Paul Archer

Conventionally, examinations are regarded as a method of assessment of students who have gone through one level of education or another at the end of a term, semester or academic year.

However, among other disturbing developments which the industry is experiencing in the country nowadays, the incidence of examination malpractices in the Nigerian educational system is a cardinal one that is fast assuming a level of national and international embarrassment and dangerous dimension. It is a damaging epidemic, which if not cured soon, may destroy the nation's all-important education sector.

Examination malpractices are generally described as wrongdoings before, during or after examinations. And, without mincing words, these are having telling, negative effects on the nation's quality of education, just as many school leavers and graduates can no longer defend their certificates. As sinister as this endemic trend may appear, urgent measures need to be adopted for the cankerworm not to destroy the nation's future completely before long: it's too critical to be neglected. And, this is certainly, another cogent reason Nigeria needs moral renaissance and value regeneration in all aspects of its national life.

How does one describe what an examination malpractice is? According to Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is described as the "massive and unprecedented abuse of rules and regulations pertaining to internal and public examinations, beginning from the setting of such examinations through the taking of the examinations, their marking and grading, to the release of the results and the issuance of certificates."

In a similar vein, an academic has attempted another description of this unbridled phenomenon as "the act of omission or commission intended to make a student pass examination without relying absolutely on his/her independent ability or resources."

Certain research findings, conclusions, instructive and informed submissions of educationalists, academics, and other top stakeholders in this special sector of the nation's economy, however, have indicated that there had been one form of examination malpractice or the other before since in the early 1970s when "mass cheating was first perpetrated in WAEC" (West African Examinations Council).

Perhaps, this realisation jolted the examination body at the secondary school level to examine critically, various manifestations and extent of this retrogressive inclination. It reportedly, categorised the different forms of examination malpractice as including bringing in foreign materials to exam halls, irregular activities inside and outside examination halls, collusion, impersonation, leakage, mass cheating and insult/assault on supervisors during exams.

Other forms of exam malpractices identified by WAEC include assistance of candidates by invigilators to answer or have clue to difficult concepts, while some invigilators also go to the extent of answering some parts of the question for candidates, aside from other forms as "giraffing, contraband, bullet, super print, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros."

Nonetheless, what has happened to the survival of the country's education system from that time till this day? Unfortunately, in the continued 21st Century, examination malpractices of varying sorts, forms and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and become a national problem. The unbecoming tendency voraciously, continues to eat deep into the social fabric, right from primary schools to tertiary institutions of learning across the Nigerian Federation. It is no wonder then, that the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT), of recent, passionately asked the National Assembly to declare a state of emergency in the education sector so as to consciously revamp the lost glory of the once thriving industry.

While many stakeholders in the sector yet, believe that the prevalent malaise the education sector is not only perpetrated by the students alone, but also with the active connivance of other stakeholders, including teachers, security agents, exam invigilators, printers, supervisors, and the like, exam malpractices have equally been described by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the disheartening trend as "perennial and institutionalised multibillion Naira business", on which some depraved individuals, groups and institutions feed fat in the country as of now.

But then, a pertinent question any honest-minded Nigerians ought to ask themselves at this juncture is: How did Nigeria get to this decadent state in its education industry? Just as some major stakeholders and experts severally, have expressed heartfelt concerns about the continual damage continual exam malpractices are wreaking on the nation, a number of factors have been advanced for this ugly development.

Among other reasons adduced for the astronomical increase in exam malpractices in recent years are that in certain cases, "questions are not related to the syllabus", and consequently, examination malpractices are encouraged. It's also, been alleged that subject syllabuses are overloaded and difficult for exam candidates, so they often times find it difficult to cope. But, are these tenable excuses for dubious candidates and their depraved collaborators to engage in exam irregularities? It's simply indefensible for candidates to resort to exam irregularities. It's believed that with determined, conscious efforts at succeeding in any worthwhile endeavour, including examinations, "where there is a will, there is a way."

Many students' rising lack of seriousness and preparedness to take on their future, as many believe that most learners these days are "not ready to learn". For instance, it's been observed that in most public schools in particular, students are seen roaming the streets, while some seen with home video cassettes and compact disks (CDs/DVDs) and others playing football during school hours.

Similarly, in a desperate attempt at freezing parents financially, there have been established instances in which exam live questions are hurriedly solved by school managements in collusion with hired exam writers, impersonators oftentimes in "private schools' principals' offices" in order to please the parents to the detriment of their children's future prospect. And, these key school officers are expected to be role models, paragons of forthrightness, honesty, and integrity to these young ones, aren't they?

It's been established that this anomaly is usually perpetrated simultaneously, as students write theirs in exam halls, after which copies of such exam solutions are made and distributed to their students for mass copying, thereby turning their schools into sanctuaries of exam malpractices at worst. Reports say examiners are, indeed, getting wiser in tracking such anomalies in exam answer scripts in recent times.

Certain concerned educationists, among others reasons, equally, have hinged the widespread exam malpractices at different levels of education in the Nigerian system to sloppy emphasis on paper qualifications, low moral standards in schools, '419' syndrome, candidates' lack of confidence in themselves, fear of failure due to insufficient preparations, outright laziness, declining societal value system resulting in all sorts of get-rich-quick arrangements, gradual loss of values such as industry and enterprise in achieving any sustainable personal success as well poor professional standards and inappropriate curricular for training of teachers.

It's thus, no wonder that many parents and guardians who are beginning to understand the gimmicks of certain schools in "cooking" excellent results for their children and wards in order to please them. As a result of this widespread evil practice, many parents are becoming disillusioned by the day.

But, where have all these left the nation's educational system in recent times? The implications on the stakeholders in particular and the Nigerian society in general have been weighty and multifarious. One is the entrenched thinking that cheating in examinations pays, against the backdrop of the fact that societal values are fast on the decline.

However, many of these corrupt stakeholders who hitherto had been making much money from the irregularities, desperately, are finding it harder and more tasking than ever to disabuse the minds of these young ones, that examination frauds do not pay and will not take them far in life.

Exam irregularities, again, have instigated groundswell of criticisms from unusual quarters over the credibility of certificates award to school leavers and graduates from our institutions of higher learning. Stark incompetence, lack of basic employable and communication skills, declining national capacity-building, mindless official corruption in different sectors of the economy have become the obvious characteristics of the existing system.

A soul-searching question to ask all the stakeholders is this: Is it surprising in the least that many parents and guardians, irrespective of their financial capability, now seek admissions for their children and wards into tertiary institutions, whether registered or not, in neighbouring African countries as Benin Republic, Ghana and South Africa, not to mention those leaving Nigeria for the Americas, Europe and Asia to acquire education? Checks have revealed that a lot of them, including the nation's leadership seem to have lost confidence in the beleaguered education sector.

People who are still sceptical about the deepening adverse effects of exam malpractices in Nigerian schools, colleges and institutes need to listen to human capital recruitment professionals, HR experts and corporate trainers when they relate their frustrations over terrible experiences they do have with many job applicants' lack of employable cum simple communication skills, when faced with the task of selecting suitable hands from scores of job applicants for positions in both public and private sector organisations across the country.

Thus, "chances are that the average graduate we get today will not fit into any job because some of them cannot speak Basic English; some cannot write a simple letter. The quality is so bad that you spend a fortune training them without getting any result, because some things that should have happened earlier in their lives did not happen, Mrs. Ijeoma Rita Obu, a human capital development professional and CEO of Clement Ashley Consulting, once lamented in her chat with BusinessDay.

Many believe Nigeria cannot afford to overlook the obvious worsening, damaging effects of examination malpractices heartlessly crushing the soul of the education industry. Failure to address this growing negative drift sure would jeopardise any genuine efforts being intensified towards realising the needed capacity-building for the attainment of Vision 20-2020 economic objective.

Contrary to an express suggestion by the National Assembly that the Nigerian Universities should stop the conduct of post-Universities Matriculation Examinations (post-UME) tests being administered by these institutions, it is instructive that the concerned authorities need to improve on the internal mechanisms of the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) and operations of related exam bodies in Nigeria. The lawmakers, nonetheless, need to realise that if such inadequacies, including examination malpractices and candidates' poor preparations for the challenges of tertiary education had not been identified by these academics in the nation's Ivory Tower earlier, the idea of post-UME would not have arisen in the first place. One believes these institutions, either directly or indirectly, ought to be in involved in determining the quality of candidates to be admitted for various academic programmes.

Therefore, to revive the fortune of the nation's education industry, proper planning, efficient administration, supervision, adequate funding for the provision of teaching and learning facilities, and motivation of teachers, instructors, and other key stakeholders via timely payments of their salaries, commissions, and stipends are quite consequential, since the success of any educational system largely, depends on these measures.

Though JAMB, WAEC, National Examinations Council (NECO), National Business and Technical Examinations Board (NABTEB) and National Teachers Institute (NTI), among others are reportedly making efforts at blacklisting and derecognising some schools and exam centres over confirmed irregularities for certain periods of time, appropriate governmental authorities also, must complement their efforts by applying diligently, the provision of Examination Malpractice Act 33 of 1999, stipulating punishment ranging from a fine of N50, 000 to N100, 000 and imprisonment for a term of 3-4 years with or without option of fine, in order to serve as a deterrent to other internal and external examination fraudsters who yearly feed fat on these illegalities.

Save for the rising low moral standards in many schools, colleges and other institutions of learning these days, aside from parents and other upright individuals in the society, teachers and instructors naturally, should serve as role models to today's students but tomorrow's leaders. Some morally bankrupt teachers, instructors, school principals and proprietors/proprietresses who have continued to connive with hired examination writers to turn their schools into havens for exam malpractices, while deceiving many parents with cooked 'fantastic' examination results of their children and wards, should desist from this shameful act. Any of them caught in the act should be prosecuted by the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences commission (ICPC). What such ones do is nothing but economic sabotage, as they are destroying the nation's future today.

Government at all levels, as a matter of priority, should stop paying lip-service to the provision of required teaching and learning facilities in the schools, timely payment of staff salaries and fringe benefits in order to minimise corruption in the nation's educational system. The practice in which Government officials and politicians mindlessly, send their children and wards abroad on the bills of tax payers' money for better scholarship, just as Nigeria's school system rots away under the deadweight of avoidable problems will not help in restoring confidence in the system.

Therefore, all stakeholders within the nation's educational system should uphold the sanctity of examinations, so that quality may be restored to the failing system. Everyone is required to be committed to change and be part of this necessary change in which moral instruction, self-discipline could be employed to manage examination malpractices in Nigerian schools. Quality education remains an amazing instrument for sustainable national development.



Source by Olugbenga Kayode

Let me honest with the police officer exam is no laughing matter. The percentage of candidates who fail the deputy sheriff entrance exam is staggering. The truth is some applicants sail through the written test, but many fail miserably. The fact that so many potential recruits fail the exam is why I'm writing this article. You see many of the people that fail the entrance exam would have otherwise been great cops, but because of a lack of preparation or simply taking the test for granted they flunked the test badly.

Here's what you need to know about the deputy sheriff testing exam to put yourself in a better position to pass the test. The deputy sheriff exam consist of 8 major categories that make up the sum total of the test. Meaning if you do poorly on one section of the exam, it may count against your total score. Now not all departments score it this way, but a lot of them do. Regardless of how they score the test your main objective is to do the best that you can on the examination. Preferable a top score is what you should aim to get just getting a passing score is not enough in this day and age.

Here's all eight categories that make up the deputy sheriff/ police officer testing:

  1. Reading Comprehension
  2. Report Writing
  3. Vocabulary
  4. Spelling
  5. Basic Mathematics
  6. Memory Orientation
  7. Judgment and reasoning
  8. Grammar

Since you know what categories are going to be on the test, I recommend strengthening the areas that you may be a little weak on. Don't take the test for granted like the majority, thinking that you sail through it without any study whatsoever.



Source by EL Forestal