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Prepare Group Exercises & Interview is the last leg of the selection process of SBI PO Exam. This phase of the selection process carries a total of 50 Marks (20 Marks for the Group Exercises and 30 Marks for the Interview). Now these 50 marks have the capacity to decide your fate.


It has been seen in the previous year’s interviews, that candidates have scored 45+ marks in this phase of the SBI PO Exam. It is possible to get a score as high as 48 marks out of the total of 50.

This eBook is intended to guide the prospective candidates, in all respects as to how to go about the preparation and ultimately the performance in the SBI PO GD and Interview.

SBI PO GD and Interview Preparation – Download the Free Ebook 

Click on the adjoining link to download the free ebook for SBI PO GD and Interview Preparation:

SBI PO GD & Interview Preparation Guide

Here we will look upon all the important aspects of this phase of SBI PO 2019 Exam.

SBI PO Selection Process 2019 – Phase – III Marks
Group Exercises 20 marks
Interview 30 Marks

Learn More- Top 4 Changes You Must Know in IBPS Mains Exam Pattern

To read more, download the free ebook from the link given above.

We hope that you like the contents of the blog and also benefit from it.

SBI PO Interview 2019 Preparation – Video Course

1. What all the course offers you?

It is an interview special series for the upcoming SBI PO interviews. You will get all the information you need to know to successfully showcase yourself as the perfect candidate for the job. It Includes pointers on PreparationExpected conversation topicsDress code and Body Language in the interview through a series of sessions, a Mock interview and doubt resolution by Experts.

  1. Introduction to SBI
  2. Do’s and Don’ts
  3. Expected Banking & Current Affairs Questions
  4. Mock Interview
  5. Q&A Session
  6. GD & Interview Tips
  7. Q&A Discussion
  8. Interview Experience

2. How can you access the course?

To access the complete course, you need to subscribe to Oliveboard EDGE. This subscription plan lets you attend not only this course, it gives you complete access to a variety of different courses on Reasoning Ability, English Language, Quantitative Aptitude & General Awareness. 

Exam Pattern In a previous couple of days, we at IMS have been flooded with panic calls concerning the change within the IBPS Mains Sample and belief me, I'm not shocked. However isn’t it a lot of ado about nothing?

We people have at all times been slaves of routine. We love to do issues the identical method it has been accomplished for eons. We hate change and even a minor one can create ruckus in our lives.

Exam Patterns


Nevertheless, change is usually not in our palms and infrequently not beneficial to us. We simply should take care of it positively!

Furthermore, the identical change is relevant to all candidates and never simply you. It’s a good sport!

What has modified and the way do you take care of the modifications?

  1. Variety of questions has decreased from 200 to 155 and the whole time allotted to try the target check has elevated from 140 to 180 minutes.

This principally means excellent news for these college students who've sincerely ready for the examination. It suggests the examination is veering away from being a speed-based check to at least one which assessments the coed on the understanding of elementary ideas of the topic.

The elevated time restricts in all probability signifies a marginal improve within the issue stage of the questions.

Mainly that will imply it assessments actual topic information and never methods and methods that are memorised by college students with no actual understanding of the underlying ideas.

Taking a cricket analogy, it's simpler for a Group like Afghanistan to upset Group India in a restricted overs match than in check cricket as a result of the latter assessments the abilities of the group extra. Equally a scholar who has ready properly for the examination has a greater probability of clearing it this time round. There are lesser possibilities that she or he shall be pipped to the put up by somebody who simply bought fortunate on the examination day.

  1. Descriptive Writing has been reintroduced within the mains carrying a weightage of 25 marks to be tried in 30 minutes

That is additionally not one thing fully new. It has been a part of the examination prior to now and it simply made a comeback this 12 months. Furthermore, these of you've gotten ready for the SBI examination would have already practised your essays/ letters.

  1. A separate part for Knowledge Evaluation & Interpretation has been launched within the Mains

This space was anyway a part of the syllabus even earlier (simply that it was not a separate part) and the adage within the mains is to organize on all areas and attempt to rating as excessive as doable no matter weightage or marks allotted to every space (for the reason that marks scored within the Mains is taken into account for the last choice). So whether or not a sure space carries a weightage of two marks or 20, it's a must to give your 100% in the direction of your preparation.

 4. Time allotted to varied sections has modified

What you'll have to concentrate on to get used to the change in cut-off dates, is to try quite a lot of mock assessments to get used to the brand new format.

So to summarise, this alteration in sample principally augurs properly for the coed who has ready properly for the examination. So go away apart your worries and provides it your 100%. All the most effective!


Here's detailed comparability of the IBPS PO Mains Goal Check patterns for 2016 and 2017.

IBPS PO Mains 2016 – Goal Check

 Title of the Part Questions Marks Time Slot
(in minutes.)
Reasoning Potential  50  50  40
English Language  40  40  30
Quantitative Aptitude  50  50  40
Normal Consciousness (with particular reference to Banking)  40  40  20
Laptop Data  20  20  10
 Whole  200  200  140 minutes


IBPS PO Mains 2017 – Goal Check

 Title of the Part Questions Marks Time Slot
(in minutes.)
Reasoning Potential & Laptop Data  45  60  60
English Language  35  40  40
Knowledge Evaluation & Interpretation  35  60  45
Normal Consciousness (with particular reference to Banking)  40  40  35
Whole  155  200  180 minutes

Keep tuned for extra updates on IBPS Exams!

IBPS PO Bank exam is held every year by the Institute of Banking Personnel in order to select PO(Probationary Officer). An applicant of IBPS is offered recruitment in all Public-Sector Banks, SBI, RBI, NABARD, LIC, SIDBI & even considered as the top-level priority for recruitment by insurance companies and regular member banks of the IBPS society.


Now, IBPS started these exams in the year 2011 as a Common Written Examination (CWE) in order to recruit officers and clerks in the Public sector Banks.

In order to get registered, you can apply online on IBPS official website

IBPS PO is organized at various locations across India, online and if hundreds not then thousands of students apply for the examination.

Learn More- Best steps for Exam Preparation

Important IBPS Bank PO Exam Dates

Sl.No Activity Tentative Dates
1 On-line registration including Edit/Modification of Application by candidates 07.08.2019 to 28.08.2019
2 Payment of Application Fees/Intimation Charges (Online) 07.08.2019 to 28.08.2019
3 Download of call letters for Pre- Exam Training Sep-19
4 Conduct of Pre-Exam Training 23.09.2019 to 28.09.2019
5 Download of call letters for Online examination – Preliminary Oct-19
6 Online Examination – Preliminary 12.10.2019, 13.10.2019, 19.10.2019 and 20.10.2019
7 Result of Online exam – Preliminary October/ November 2019
8 Download of Call letter for Online exam – Main Nov-19
9 Online Examination – Main 30.11.2019
10 Declaration of Result – Main Dec-19
11 Download of call letters for interview Jan-20
12 Conduct of interview January / February 2020
13 Provisional Allotment Apr-20


Now, every year with more than 20 lakh candidates applying for the examination and only a few of them clears the exam then clearing this exam is certainly not a piece of cake. So, you need to practice again and again and as much as you can in order to enhance your skills and therefore clear it.

So, now you know that the competition is going to be a whole lot tougher.


  • Citizenship

Fist the applicant must satisfy certain conditions related to his/her citizenship, then only he will be looked for below-mentioned eligibilities.

Candidates applying for IBPS Bank PO entrance must be one of the following:

  1. Citizen of India.
  2. A subject of Nepal or Bhutan.
  3. Tibetan refugee who’s been a resident of India before 1st January 1962 and wants to become a citizen.
  4. Indian origins from Burma, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, or East African countries of Zaire, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Ethiopia, Malawi, who visited India with the attention of attaining the citizenship of India.
  5. Candidates belonging to the category 2, 3, 4 must have a certificate of eligibility issued by the Govt of India in their possession.
  • IBPS PO Prelim

The only qualification you require to apply for IBPS is Graduation in any field, whether it be or B.Tech, all graduates are eligible to apply for IBPS prelim examination just what they require is the knowledge of Computer operation as it is a must for IBPS PO because it is conducted online on a computer system and the candidate must have verbal and written proficiency in official language of the state i.e. he must be able to read, write and speak the state language. So, in total in order to start practicing for IBPS Prelim exams you need first be a graduate, then have the computer knowledge and should know the state language.

  • IBPS PO Main

In order to qualify for attempting the IBPS Mains, the candidate must clear the IBPS Prelim Entrance Examination first, only then he can sit for IBPS Mains Entrance.

Exam Pattern

Before sitting for the entrance it is necessary for you to know your exam pattern.

Candidates applying for the Prelim/Main entrance should know the exam pattern for their respective entrances.

  • Prelim Pattern

The duration of the exam is one hour(1 hour) and is totally conducted online. It consists of 3 sections totaling 100 questions with the maximum score of 100 marks i.e. 1 mark for each correct answer but waits there’s more as there is negative marking of 0.25 for every incorrect answer.

Now in order to clear the exam, the candidate must clear the sectional cut-off’s.

Refer to the table below for a more clearer picture of the pattern:

Sl. No. Name of Tests No. of Questions Maximum Marks Medium of Exam Time allotted for each test (Separately timed)
1 English Language 30 30 English 20 minutes
2 Quantitative Aptitude 35 35 English and Hindi 20 minutes
3 Reasoning Ability 35 35 English and Hindi 20 minutes
Total 100 100 60 minutes/1 hr
  • IBPS PO Main

The exam is conducted entirely online for a duration of 3 hours, previously 2 hours and 20 minutes. The exam is divided into 4(four) sections and in order to clear the whole exam, it is mandatory for every candidate to clear every section of the exam to get qualified for the post of Probationary Officer (PO). The three sections constitute 155 questions combined, in which a student can score to a maximum of 200 marks. It is of utmost importance for the candidate to clear all the 4 sections, and each part of the exam have its own particular duration i.e. the section have its own timeframe in which it needs to be cleared and after that time the test will get automatically submitted, and all your unanswered questions will remain unanswered and these instructions should be kept in your mind before attempting the test,  if you want to clear the exam. In addition to the 155 questions, IBPS has introduced a descriptive paper as well, which constitutes of 2 Questions bagging 25 marks.

The marks and the time allotted to each particular section has been depicted in the Table below, Kindly refer to the table below to get a clear picture of the pattern and to check for details related to a particular section.

The registration for the exam is done online. students who want to apply for the examination needs to go the IBPS official website and apply there to be registered for the examination. The pattern for the Mains is as:

Sl. No. Name of Test [Not by Sequence] No. of Questions Maximum Marks Medium of Exam Time allotted for each test (Separately timed)
1 Reasoning & Computer Aptitude 45 60 English & Hindi 60 minutes
2 General/ Economy/ Banking Awareness 40 40 English & Hindi 35 minutes
3 English Language 35 40 English 40 minutes
4 Data Analysis & Interpretation 35 60 English & Hindi 45 minutes
TOTAL 155 200   3 hours
5 English Language (Letter Writing & Essay) 2 25 English 30 minutes


All of this information is important to know but before that, we should get all our ducks in a row and gather all the IBPS PO important papers and questions so that we can get straight to practice. At the end all that matters is practice and if you do not practice then it’s probably the end of your dream.

Exam Preparation

Be certain to take breaks between research hours. It is important and healthy to give thoughts some refreshing rest. You are able to perform your hobbies or pass time doing the things you like such as singing, painting, or listening to music.

The brain should stay away from research on a regular basis to extract and store maximum information inside. Exam preparation is a long and exhausting task. However, the process gets easier with ideal planning.

Below are a few of the top steps you can take to get a more effective assessment preparation- Making a Time-table: Make mock evaluations a crucial part of your preparation. It is extremely helpful in giving thoughts on paper pattern and structure. Pick previous years' question papers from the current market and practice to enhance your prep and reacting rate.

Learn More-Bank Probationary Officer (PO) Exam Preparation

This is a portion of studying smart and nothing beats analyzing clever. Make studying more effective using modern technologies like study apps, online tests, etc.. This way, you can combine the traditional and contemporary ways of studying resulting in an interesting yet effective outcome.

In the current age, there are many programs that offer general knowledge on a daily basis/ exam notifications, and more, and this is very beneficial for preparing competitive exams like UPSC, SSC exams, etc.. Take breaks between: Researching hard does not mean studying until the very last minute of this period of exam.


When it is time to put in the examination hall to actually write the papers, make sure to put the books off 20-30 minutes prior. This may give your mind an opportunity to relax and gather the data that has been stored during the earlier hours of prep. Keep taking mock evaluations: The initial and most crucial step is the creation of a schedule. With a correct time-table, you are able to map out the amount of syllabus and subjects which it is possible to cover during the planned moment.

It's always better to place time in the morning because that's when the brain is fresh and also the ability to consume more is in the summit. Provided that there are people who prefer to study at night, if that's your clinic, ensure a proper 6-8 hours of sleep to get proper rest. Using study programs :


Bank Probationary Officer (PO) exam is one among the well known bank exams in India. Bank PO exams are a gateway to officer and clerical posts in various private and public banks. This examination is tough to crack and needs quality preparation. Let's discuss the examination pattern and the various books which can be helpful for candidates.

General Information about Bank PO exam:

This exam has a preliminary examination of 2 hours duration and is objective type. Preliminary examination has four sections:

1) Test of Reasoning

2) Quantitative Aptitude

3) General Awareness/Computer knowledge

4) English Language

Only candidates who clear the preliminary examination are allowed to go ahead to the next round. The main examination is 3 hours duration and this is a combination of objective and descriptive type examination.

The objective type examination is of 2 hours duration and consists of the following:

1) Test of Reasoning

2) Data Analysis and Interpretation

3) Marketing Knowledge

4) English Language

The descriptive type examination will be on English knowledge and has time duration of 60 minutes. Candidates who clear the main examination with the minimum percentile are called for group discussion and interview.

There are many concepts covered in each of these sections and it's very essential that candidates prepare for all these sections.

Reasoning ability: This checks candidate's ability in the following sections:

1) Analogy in figures, words and Numerics.

2) Series completion

3) Coding and decoding

4) Insert the missing character

5) Classification

Quantitative Aptitude:

1) Simple and compound interest

2) Area and volume

3) Percentage

4) Profit and loss

5) Work and time


7) Simple fraction

General Awareness:

1) Constitution of India

2) Current economic affairs

3) Indian Geography, economy and history

4) Sports

5) Computer knowledge


1) Vocabulary

2) Prepositions

3) Comprehension

4) Synonyms/Antonyms

5) Grammar

6) Comprehension

There are many books which can help candidates. These books cover all the above sections and provide old question papers which are of great help. Some of the well known bank p o officer's exams books are

1) IBPS Bank PO/MT Descriptive English by Kiran Prakashan

2) Bank PO Planner by Upscportal

3) Bank PO Practice test papers by Jha S N

4) Bank PO Guide by SC Gupta

5) Previous paper for Bank PO with detailed solutions by K Kundan

Candidates can now buy bank p o officers exams books online. Online book shops have a better collection of books and discounted rates. These books are available in box collections, where you have the best set of bank PO books at good rates. These online book shops have festive offers where you get the best deals of the year. So, buy bank p o officers exams books online in India and be part of this new trend.

Source by Sabitha Malhotra

Cisco Certified Designed Professional is the acronym of CCDP. This certification validates the principles as well as advanced knowledge of network design concepts. With the help of CCDP certification, it determines to design and also to create advanced routing and addressing, network management, security, data center, Multicast complex in IP which is multilayered architectures including wireless applications/domains as well as private networking. The curriculum of CCDA certification includes building up of multilayered switched networking, building up of internetworks that are scalable and network architecture designing.

In order to obtain this CCDP certification, candidate must hold their CCNA as well as CCDA certification. This is the main eligibility for appearing to CCDP examination. If a candidate is holding the main eligibility, then the candidate can attend this CCDP certification examination.

CCDA certification examination:

CCDA certification examination shall be classified in to 2 routes. One is two exams route and the other route is three exams. Candidate can choose any one route to obtain the certification.

Route 1:

1) BSCI (Building up of scalable Cisco Internetworks) or 642-901 BSCI which is of 90 minutes duration.

2) BCMSN (Building up of Cisco multilayer Switched networks) or 642-812 BCMSN which is of 90 minutes duration.

3) ARCH (designing of Cisco networking service architectures) or 642-871 ARCH which is 90 minutes duration with approximately 65 questions.

Route 2:

1) BSCI (Building up of scalable Cisco Internetworks) and BCMSN (Building up of Cisco multilayer Switched networks) or 642-892 composite- combined examination in 2 hours duration.

2) ARCH (designing of Cisco networking service architectures) or 642-871 ARCH which is 90 minutes duration with approximately 65 questions.

The only difference between the two routes exams is one combined examination in route 2. The exam pattern will be of multiple choice questions, simulations as well as drag and drop etc. Candidate can take their exam in any of the Pearson VUE test center or prometric test center.

Certification validity is up to 3 years. After this validity period, recertification exam has to be taken by passing any current CCIE exam or any 642 professional level examinations. Examination fee is charged to the candidates for appearing the examination.

Source by Alina Michael

To diagnose a lymphoma case if very difficult because many of the lymphoma symptoms are similar to those of other medical conditions. However, based on the symptoms, you may suspect a lymphoma case and go see a doctor, where you will have a physical examination. Only through this thorough examination, and sometimes x- rays, your doctor can diagnose you with lymphoma.

When you go see your physician for an examination because you suspect a lymphoma case, here is what to expect: he / she will start to palpate all your lymph nodes. They are located in your neck, right under your chin, around your tonsils, your elbows, shoulders, in your groin area and under your arms. Besides this examination of these areas of your body in order to properly diagnose lymphoma, your doctor will also feel your abdomen and chest to see if there is any swelling there as well. Your liver and spleen will also be examined by palpation. If your doctor, after this examination, believes that there is a presence of lymphoma, further test will be made. The physical examination is just the beginning of the lymphoma diagnoses process. The test that are made after the examination will serve to better determine if you are indeed suffering from lymphoma or not. A biopsy, x- rays, blood tests and scans are the next tests that you will have to take in order to be diagnosed with lymphoma. If the results in those lymphoma tests
are inconclusive, then you will probably also have to take a bone marrow test.

Lymphoma symptoms are not enough to diagnose this disease, because they can also be associated with other diseases as well. However, they serve to give you an idea that something is wrong. Here are some of the most common symptoms of lymphoma:

- swollen nodes, which are painless is the primary lymphoma sign;

- anemia, loose weight and fatigue also tell you that you might be suffering from lymphoma;

- fever and sweating, mostly at night, for no apparent reason are also signs that indicate a lymphoma case;

- shortness of breath and an annoying, persistent cough are also lymphoma symptoms;

- itching, sometimes all over your body is one of the lymphoma signs as well;

There are also some other symptoms which can indicate a lymphoma case, but they are less common. Back pain or swollen tissues are some of the rare lymphoma symptoms. They appear because your lymph nodes can actually compress some of your nerves.

Source by Groshan Fabiola

Examinations are just round the corner and stress levels running high. Examination are a time of anxiety and nervousness-not only for students but parents too. So it is necessary-besides studying hard-to focus on eating habits, sleep patterns, mental and physical fitness. Here are a few tips to beat the examination blues.

Eat Right And Proper

A balanced diet is important. Fresh fruits and vegetables provide children with energy and increase their ability to concentrate. With a healthy diet of vegetables, fiber and fruits, your minds stays alert.Avoid junk food. Spicy and salty food just prior to the exams can lead to a lot of sluggishness during the exams. Tea, coffee and chocolates should be avoided as they tire you out soon.

Avoid Stressful People

Seriously,stress is contagious. Resist the urge to have a study session with your super-tense friend, especially if she's complaining about all the work she has to do. Her stress will only add to yours. Make a revision timetable and start revising early.

Your Eyes Need Care

Exam time means a lot of reading,writing,stress and strain. Make sure not to over exert or strain the eyes. Make sure there is ample light in the room where the child is studying. Reading with a night lamp is a strict no-no.Have a good posture. Use a table and a chair to study and write. Don't lean on the table or read in the sleeping position for a long time as it will strain your eyes.

Sleep Is Important

Get a good night's sleep the night before, and a decent breakfast in the morning. Don't stay awake all night to study. Don't hit the bed immediately after studies; a few minutes are needed to get out of the 'book-mode'. A short walk,a glass of water or just glancing through magazines before going off to sleep will help you to de-stress.

Be Positive

Don't beat yourself up about things, instead be nice to yourself. Make a quick list of five things you have done that you are proud of. This will put you in the good mood. Visualize it all going right.

Chill Out

If you are starting to lose it take a bit of time to relax yourself. Tell yourself how well you are doing. Stand up straight and smile, you will feel a bit better straight away.

Source by Rohit Tomar

Conventionally, examinations are regarded as a method of assessment of students who have gone through one level of education or another at the end of a term, semester or academic year.

However, among other disturbing developments which the industry is experiencing in the country nowadays, the incidence of examination malpractices in the Nigerian educational system is a cardinal one that is fast assuming a level of national and international embarrassment and dangerous dimension. It is a damaging epidemic, which if not cured soon, may destroy the nation's all-important education sector.

Examination malpractices are generally described as wrongdoings before, during or after examinations. And, without mincing words, these are having telling, negative effects on the nation's quality of education, just as many school leavers and graduates can no longer defend their certificates. As sinister as this endemic trend may appear, urgent measures need to be adopted for the cankerworm not to destroy the nation's future completely before long: it's too critical to be neglected. And, this is certainly, another cogent reason Nigeria needs moral renaissance and value regeneration in all aspects of its national life.

How does one describe what an examination malpractice is? According to Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is described as the "massive and unprecedented abuse of rules and regulations pertaining to internal and public examinations, beginning from the setting of such examinations through the taking of the examinations, their marking and grading, to the release of the results and the issuance of certificates."

In a similar vein, an academic has attempted another description of this unbridled phenomenon as "the act of omission or commission intended to make a student pass examination without relying absolutely on his/her independent ability or resources."

Certain research findings, conclusions, instructive and informed submissions of educationalists, academics, and other top stakeholders in this special sector of the nation's economy, however, have indicated that there had been one form of examination malpractice or the other before since in the early 1970s when "mass cheating was first perpetrated in WAEC" (West African Examinations Council).

Perhaps, this realisation jolted the examination body at the secondary school level to examine critically, various manifestations and extent of this retrogressive inclination. It reportedly, categorised the different forms of examination malpractice as including bringing in foreign materials to exam halls, irregular activities inside and outside examination halls, collusion, impersonation, leakage, mass cheating and insult/assault on supervisors during exams.

Other forms of exam malpractices identified by WAEC include assistance of candidates by invigilators to answer or have clue to difficult concepts, while some invigilators also go to the extent of answering some parts of the question for candidates, aside from other forms as "giraffing, contraband, bullet, super print, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros."

Nonetheless, what has happened to the survival of the country's education system from that time till this day? Unfortunately, in the continued 21st Century, examination malpractices of varying sorts, forms and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and become a national problem. The unbecoming tendency voraciously, continues to eat deep into the social fabric, right from primary schools to tertiary institutions of learning across the Nigerian Federation. It is no wonder then, that the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT), of recent, passionately asked the National Assembly to declare a state of emergency in the education sector so as to consciously revamp the lost glory of the once thriving industry.

While many stakeholders in the sector yet, believe that the prevalent malaise the education sector is not only perpetrated by the students alone, but also with the active connivance of other stakeholders, including teachers, security agents, exam invigilators, printers, supervisors, and the like, exam malpractices have equally been described by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the disheartening trend as "perennial and institutionalised multibillion Naira business", on which some depraved individuals, groups and institutions feed fat in the country as of now.

But then, a pertinent question any honest-minded Nigerians ought to ask themselves at this juncture is: How did Nigeria get to this decadent state in its education industry? Just as some major stakeholders and experts severally, have expressed heartfelt concerns about the continual damage continual exam malpractices are wreaking on the nation, a number of factors have been advanced for this ugly development.

Among other reasons adduced for the astronomical increase in exam malpractices in recent years are that in certain cases, "questions are not related to the syllabus", and consequently, examination malpractices are encouraged. It's also, been alleged that subject syllabuses are overloaded and difficult for exam candidates, so they often times find it difficult to cope. But, are these tenable excuses for dubious candidates and their depraved collaborators to engage in exam irregularities? It's simply indefensible for candidates to resort to exam irregularities. It's believed that with determined, conscious efforts at succeeding in any worthwhile endeavour, including examinations, "where there is a will, there is a way."

Many students' rising lack of seriousness and preparedness to take on their future, as many believe that most learners these days are "not ready to learn". For instance, it's been observed that in most public schools in particular, students are seen roaming the streets, while some seen with home video cassettes and compact disks (CDs/DVDs) and others playing football during school hours.

Similarly, in a desperate attempt at freezing parents financially, there have been established instances in which exam live questions are hurriedly solved by school managements in collusion with hired exam writers, impersonators oftentimes in "private schools' principals' offices" in order to please the parents to the detriment of their children's future prospect. And, these key school officers are expected to be role models, paragons of forthrightness, honesty, and integrity to these young ones, aren't they?

It's been established that this anomaly is usually perpetrated simultaneously, as students write theirs in exam halls, after which copies of such exam solutions are made and distributed to their students for mass copying, thereby turning their schools into sanctuaries of exam malpractices at worst. Reports say examiners are, indeed, getting wiser in tracking such anomalies in exam answer scripts in recent times.

Certain concerned educationists, among others reasons, equally, have hinged the widespread exam malpractices at different levels of education in the Nigerian system to sloppy emphasis on paper qualifications, low moral standards in schools, '419' syndrome, candidates' lack of confidence in themselves, fear of failure due to insufficient preparations, outright laziness, declining societal value system resulting in all sorts of get-rich-quick arrangements, gradual loss of values such as industry and enterprise in achieving any sustainable personal success as well poor professional standards and inappropriate curricular for training of teachers.

It's thus, no wonder that many parents and guardians who are beginning to understand the gimmicks of certain schools in "cooking" excellent results for their children and wards in order to please them. As a result of this widespread evil practice, many parents are becoming disillusioned by the day.

But, where have all these left the nation's educational system in recent times? The implications on the stakeholders in particular and the Nigerian society in general have been weighty and multifarious. One is the entrenched thinking that cheating in examinations pays, against the backdrop of the fact that societal values are fast on the decline.

However, many of these corrupt stakeholders who hitherto had been making much money from the irregularities, desperately, are finding it harder and more tasking than ever to disabuse the minds of these young ones, that examination frauds do not pay and will not take them far in life.

Exam irregularities, again, have instigated groundswell of criticisms from unusual quarters over the credibility of certificates award to school leavers and graduates from our institutions of higher learning. Stark incompetence, lack of basic employable and communication skills, declining national capacity-building, mindless official corruption in different sectors of the economy have become the obvious characteristics of the existing system.

A soul-searching question to ask all the stakeholders is this: Is it surprising in the least that many parents and guardians, irrespective of their financial capability, now seek admissions for their children and wards into tertiary institutions, whether registered or not, in neighbouring African countries as Benin Republic, Ghana and South Africa, not to mention those leaving Nigeria for the Americas, Europe and Asia to acquire education? Checks have revealed that a lot of them, including the nation's leadership seem to have lost confidence in the beleaguered education sector.

People who are still sceptical about the deepening adverse effects of exam malpractices in Nigerian schools, colleges and institutes need to listen to human capital recruitment professionals, HR experts and corporate trainers when they relate their frustrations over terrible experiences they do have with many job applicants' lack of employable cum simple communication skills, when faced with the task of selecting suitable hands from scores of job applicants for positions in both public and private sector organisations across the country.

Thus, "chances are that the average graduate we get today will not fit into any job because some of them cannot speak Basic English; some cannot write a simple letter. The quality is so bad that you spend a fortune training them without getting any result, because some things that should have happened earlier in their lives did not happen, Mrs. Ijeoma Rita Obu, a human capital development professional and CEO of Clement Ashley Consulting, once lamented in her chat with BusinessDay.

Many believe Nigeria cannot afford to overlook the obvious worsening, damaging effects of examination malpractices heartlessly crushing the soul of the education industry. Failure to address this growing negative drift sure would jeopardise any genuine efforts being intensified towards realising the needed capacity-building for the attainment of Vision 20-2020 economic objective.

Contrary to an express suggestion by the National Assembly that the Nigerian Universities should stop the conduct of post-Universities Matriculation Examinations (post-UME) tests being administered by these institutions, it is instructive that the concerned authorities need to improve on the internal mechanisms of the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) and operations of related exam bodies in Nigeria. The lawmakers, nonetheless, need to realise that if such inadequacies, including examination malpractices and candidates' poor preparations for the challenges of tertiary education had not been identified by these academics in the nation's Ivory Tower earlier, the idea of post-UME would not have arisen in the first place. One believes these institutions, either directly or indirectly, ought to be in involved in determining the quality of candidates to be admitted for various academic programmes.

Therefore, to revive the fortune of the nation's education industry, proper planning, efficient administration, supervision, adequate funding for the provision of teaching and learning facilities, and motivation of teachers, instructors, and other key stakeholders via timely payments of their salaries, commissions, and stipends are quite consequential, since the success of any educational system largely, depends on these measures.

Though JAMB, WAEC, National Examinations Council (NECO), National Business and Technical Examinations Board (NABTEB) and National Teachers Institute (NTI), among others are reportedly making efforts at blacklisting and derecognising some schools and exam centres over confirmed irregularities for certain periods of time, appropriate governmental authorities also, must complement their efforts by applying diligently, the provision of Examination Malpractice Act 33 of 1999, stipulating punishment ranging from a fine of N50, 000 to N100, 000 and imprisonment for a term of 3-4 years with or without option of fine, in order to serve as a deterrent to other internal and external examination fraudsters who yearly feed fat on these illegalities.

Save for the rising low moral standards in many schools, colleges and other institutions of learning these days, aside from parents and other upright individuals in the society, teachers and instructors naturally, should serve as role models to today's students but tomorrow's leaders. Some morally bankrupt teachers, instructors, school principals and proprietors/proprietresses who have continued to connive with hired examination writers to turn their schools into havens for exam malpractices, while deceiving many parents with cooked 'fantastic' examination results of their children and wards, should desist from this shameful act. Any of them caught in the act should be prosecuted by the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences commission (ICPC). What such ones do is nothing but economic sabotage, as they are destroying the nation's future today.

Government at all levels, as a matter of priority, should stop paying lip-service to the provision of required teaching and learning facilities in the schools, timely payment of staff salaries and fringe benefits in order to minimise corruption in the nation's educational system. The practice in which Government officials and politicians mindlessly, send their children and wards abroad on the bills of tax payers' money for better scholarship, just as Nigeria's school system rots away under the deadweight of avoidable problems will not help in restoring confidence in the system.

Therefore, all stakeholders within the nation's educational system should uphold the sanctity of examinations, so that quality may be restored to the failing system. Everyone is required to be committed to change and be part of this necessary change in which moral instruction, self-discipline could be employed to manage examination malpractices in Nigerian schools. Quality education remains an amazing instrument for sustainable national development.

Source by Olugbenga Kayode

As the aura of education keeps expanding its horizon throughout numerous dimensions; challenges and competitions from various fields also sprouted from one phase to more highly standards of education. Aspirants who want to excel and serve their country are very much on their verge to take a step that would mould them perfectly in facing any challenge that would prop out in escalating education aspects of the country as well as the entire world. In order to make these aspirants reach their targeted destinations, many good coaching centers and institutes are mushroomed with well equipped technology, tools, informations and guidance to sharpen their brains and qualify various examinations of the country.

Entrance examinations have become the most current buzz and the important part of career building in every student's life. As almost all the courses provided by the colleges of India today conduct tests to take admission in respective courses, therefore, students from all across the country apply for entrance examinations. Nowadays, qualifying examinations have proved to be a kind of license for students in pursuing their any chosen course or academic degree or service and in further proceeding with it. This concept is taken by the students as well justified which let them keep up their spirits to seek an admission for a coaching class based on the subject of their choice and interest.

There are various excellent coaching institutes in Delhi based upon various academic fields and respective services. Civil Service Examination/UPSC is regarded as the toughest examination in the country. It includes IAS, IPS, IRS, IFS etc; these are some of the premier services in India that offers a quality, attractive and challenging career for everyone with endless enthusiasm and reputation. Getting into one these services will make an individual handle all government affairs, the framing, implementation of policies at the central and district level and other important functioning of the country. To make aspirants crack this Civil Service Examination with confidence, coaching institutes like RAU'S, Vajiram, Chanakya etc are established with high standards of discipline, quality academic learning, good ambient and sound management.

Coming to the field of engineering, there is great improvement in the number of applications pouring in from entire parts of the nation for AIEEE, IIT JEE, GATE, etc. to get admitted into the top engineering colleges. This makes it clear that engineering discipline is not running out of track. It keeps on advancing with the proceeding years. To drive students success in pursuing this dynamic field, AIEEE coaching institutes, IIT-JEE coaching institutes and GATE coaching institutes are making their best way to provide guidance, strategic study plan, relevant study materials, perfect information with solved papers and conduct mock tests to make them able to face any exam pattern with esteem. Some distinguished AIEEE coaching institutes in Delhi are: - Core Academy, FIIT-JEE Limited, Brilliant Tutorials, and Career Point etc. Similarly if we seek for apt IIT JEE coaching institutes in Delhi: we will stumble upon names such as: - Aakash, Bansal Classes, FIITJEE Limited etc. Some of the names which stands out from the rest when it comes to GATE coaching institutes are: MADE EASY DELHI, Dronacharya (for Electronics and Electrical), GATE Forum Delhi (for test series)

For students who have utmost interest in MBA also have the golden chances in getting through it by clearing those exams like CAT, XAT, and MAT etc. Here, Verbal Ability, Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning and Quantitative Ability are the three basic segments that applied in these examinations to scrutinize only the eligible candidates. Good coaching centers in Delhi regarding MBA are Career Makers, Genesis, Career school, TIME, Trump and Gates, etc.

There are also excellent coaching centers for exams like NET, JRF and SLET. Some well known coaching institutes for such exams are Gyanbindu academy, VPM Classes, Grass root Academy etc.

It is always better do a bit of intricate research on the internet pertaining to its performance, resources, admission fees and faculties before you select any suitable coaching institute. These institutes are offering tutorial classes that will help such aspiring individuals amazingly to fulfill their lives goal based on educational qualification with hope and confidence.

Source by Jack White Sam